Ileach A native of the Hebridean island of Islay.
Intermediate Still Traditionally, scotch malt whisky is distilled in pot stills which are large, onion-shaped copper retorts used for distilling batches of malt whisky. The Intermediate Still is the still in which the second stage of triple distillation (if triple distillation is used) takes place. Using the output from the wash still as input to the Intermediate Still, the first cut of the output (the foreshots) is returned to be re-distilled next time round and the second stage (the middle cut) and third cut (the feints) goes forward to be re-distilled in the Low Wines or Spirit Still. The second chamber of the three-chamber Spirit Safe is used to direct the flow to the appropriate destination.
IOLM International Organisation of Legal Metrology. The EU standard of proof measurement whereby spirit strength is expressed as a percentage of alcohol by volume at 68°F (20°C). 70° proof is 39.9% abv.
Irish Malt Whiskey (note the "e") is produced in exactly the same way as Scotch malt whisky with the exception that the majority is triple-distilled.
Irish Whiskey A spirit obtained by distillation from a mash of cereal grains saccharified by the diastase of malt. By law, it cannot be called Irish whiskey unless it has been distilled in Ireland and has matured in an oak cask in Ireland for at least three years.
Islands One of the major districts of the Highlands region, Islands is a grouping of all the whisky-producing islands, with the exception of Islay (which is considered to be a region in its own right), off the west and north coasts of Scotland (see "Malt Whisky Regions Map" ). The following, equivalent to sub-districts, are the particular islands currently in production :-
The Orkney Isles covering the Highland Park and Scapa distilleries at Kirkwall.
The Isle of Skye covering the Talisker distillery at Carbost.
The Isle of Mull covering the Tobermory and Ledaig distillery at Tobermory.
The Isle of Jura covering the Jura distillery at Craighouse.
The Isle of Arran covering the Arran distillery at Lochranza.
Because of their geographical seperation, the styles from these distilleries varies considerably. Tobermory and Ledaig are both from the same stills at the same distrillery but differ because Tobermory is made from unpeated barley whilst Ledaig is made from peated barley. However, they are all close to the sea which imparts, to one degree or another, a seaweed saltiness to their character.
Islay One of the four whisky-regions of Scotland, the Isle of Islay, situated off the west coast of the Kintyre Peninsula in Argyllshire, has the largest concentration of distilleries in Scotland even though it is only a comparatively small island (see "Malt Whisky Regions Map" ). There are three main districts on Islay :-
South Shore with the four distilleries of Ardbeg, Lagavulin, Laphroaig and Port Ellen although Port Ellen closed down in 1983 (however, its giant maltings are still fully in production).
North Shore with the two distilleries of Bunnahabhain and Caol Isla.
Loch Indaal with the four distilleries of Bowmore, Bruichladdich, Kilchoman and Lochindaal although Lochindaal closed down probably in 1929). Lochindaal will be opened again in 2010 as Port Charlotte.
The island of Islay produces some of the most pungent and powerful of all the whiskies. Terms such as peaty, medicinal, briny and seaweedy are often used to describe their aromas and flavours (compare with
"Campbeltown", "Highlands" and "Lowlands" region characteristics). These characteristics are due mainly to the peating process and the water used. These characteristics are most evident in the Ardbeg, Lagavulin and Laphroaig Malts.